Motivated by the rise in "indebted" migration, this project investigates where is debt migration originating in Mexico, what economic conditions are associated with rates of debt migration, and who is leveraging debt to fund their migration attempts. This study contributes to further understanding migration stratification processes and has implications for the production of inequality in sending and receiving communities.
Descriptive analysis of ICE enforcement finds that enforcement and deportation has not targeted communities equally; ICE enforcement is geographically concentrated, racialize, and gendered. Understanding ICE fugitive operations as the most targeted form of enforcement, this project aims to understand how the experience of and exposure to ICE fugitive operations is differentially experienced across the US, and document the spatial and temporal attributes of operations between 2017 and 2020.
More specifically, I ask: (1) Where are ICE raids occurring subnationally and what are the characteristics that set targeted communities apart from non-targeted communities? (2) Does the intensity of immigration raids vary subnationally? If so, what regions are experiencing the most intense (number of raids, number of apprehensions, length/duration of operation) levels of enforcement through fugitive operations?
Research has exposed the negative impacts of immigration enforcement (broadly defined) on health, education, employment, housing and segregation. Yet, despite understanding ICE raids as the most aggressive and targeted form of enforcement, little is known about the collateral consequences on schools and students.
This project aims to understand the impacts of targeted immigration enforcement on students’ academic achievement. More explicitly, this study investigates the relationship between being proximate to an enforcement operation and student outcomes on Math and ELA standardized testing. I hypothesize that ICE raids are negatively associated with academic outcomes among Hispanic children in impacted counties. This paper explores the impacts of ICE targeted operations on academic performance using a triple Difference-in-Difference analytical approach.